Pigmentation

What Is Hyper-pigmentation?

Hyperpigmentation is when the skin appears dark, blotchy, and uneven in colour. This darkening occurs when an excess of melanin, the brown pigment that produces normal skin colour, forms excess deposits
in the skin as a form of protection. There are different forms of hyperpigmentation.

Darker skin types tend to struggle more.

Epidermal (superficial) hyper-pigmentation 


This hyperpigmentation can be treated effectively with cosmeceutical products containing active de-pigmenting ingredients as it sits in the epidermis.

Dermal (deeper hyper pigmentation)

This hyper pigmentation cannot be treated effectively with any cosmeceutical de-pigmentation ingredient as it lies in the dermal layer. The only effective treatments are specific pigment lasers.

Factors that can trigger hyper-pigmentation namely:

Sun damage is a very common trigger for hyperpigmentation, especially in hotter climates such
as Africa’s. Freckles, age spots, and other darkened skin patches can become darker or more

This happens because melanin absorbs the energy of the sun’s harmful ultraviolet rays in order to protect the skin from damage.

Melasma or Chloasma is hyperpigmentation triggered by hormonal changes/influences. Pregnancy, for example, can trigger overproduction of melanin that causes hyperpigmentation on the face. Melasma frequently reduces after pregnancy. Women who take birth control pills may also develop hyperpigmentation.

Post inflammatory hyperpigmentation is another form of hyperpigmentation that is caused by any type of trauma to the skin. (e.g. Acne) Post-inflammatory hyperpigmentation (PIH) causes skin darkening and discoloration that show
up as spots, or as large patches on a person’s skin. This is because cells that normally produce brown pigment evenly across your skin produce too much melanin.

Therapist concerns:
  • Trigger for the pigment
  • Ongoing UV stimulation
  • Depth of the problem
  • Client skin type and risks with therapy
Client concerns:
  • Dark marks
  • Mottled pigmentation
  • Uneven skin colour
  • Thick make-up application
Lamelle’s Answer

Traditional cosmeceutical products as well 
as prescription medications try to combat hyperpigmentation by blocking a single pathway in the formation of melanin. These products generally offer disappointing results or affect the skin’s integrity in an unfavourable manner (redness irritation and sometimes worsening of hyperpigmentation). Seeing that hyperpigmentation is such a difficult condition to treat, Lamelle Research Laboratories decided to find more innovative and effective ways of dealing with the condition whilst maintaining the integrity of the skin with no irritation or sensitivity. Luminesce is suitable for all skin types.